Anorexia nervosa is a disease that can cause serious harm and even lead to irreversible consequences. It is therefore important to identify the disease and seek specialized help.
In mild cases, treatment of anorexia can be outpatient, but most patients have to be hospitalized due to a sharp depletion.
In severe cases, when the body weight is reduced by 40% or more, requires an immediate forced parenteral feeding (intravenous glucose and nutrient mixtures).
Cachexia (extreme exhaustion stage) is an absolute indication for hospitalization in mental health (psychotherapy) clinic.
Clinic “Mental health” provides an effective treatment for anorexia in Moscow at any stage of the disease: learn more or call:
Treatment of anorexia depends largely on individual circumstances and the availability of different symptoms.
In General, treatment should be directed to:
the patient can return to a normal weight;
normalization is independent of food intake;
the removal of physical disorders resulting from anorexia;
psychological correction of unhealthy relationship to food intake, the formation of an adequate perception of their appearance;
organization support from relatives.
Treatment of anorexia is being phased in
The first stage is non-specific treatment
For a start it is necessary to improve the physical condition of the patient. To do this, after a thorough examination by a physician and laboratory analyses and additional studies prescribed various tonic remedies, vitamins, blood substitutes, bed rest.
To overcome the refusal of food is prescribed insulin, which increases appetite, and then offer the patient a high-calorie Breakfast.
Patients suffering from anorexia usually prescribe a high calorie diet with 6 meals a day. In a few weeks “nonspecific” treatment of anorexia achieved by increasing body mass. It is believed that the weight gain of 2-4 kg in 4 weeks is optimal.
At first forbid family visits, because patients promise to eat at home, demand statements, and relatives, sparing patients begin to insist on the statement. But, premature statement necessarily leads to relapse of anorexia!
The second stage – specific treatment
Patients transferred to the General regime. Ongoing restorative therapy add mild tranquilizers and antidepressants.
Joins rational psychotherapy (explaining the dangers of starvation, value re-orientation), in some cases, effective hypnosis. You should consider the personal characteristics of the patient and to praise the patient for compliance with procedures, the desire to cooperate with the doctor.
To eliminate unpleasant sensations in the body, you can apply the sessions of autogenic training.
Group behavioral therapy is used at this stage, the basis of a positive result and aims to eliminate emotional disorders associated with meals, correction of eating behavior, developing the right attitudes towards their appearance.
Group therapy is recommended in these patients, as in the group have the opportunity to share their problems, to communicate with people with similar painful condition to get good advice.
For successful treatment it is very important work with relatives. designed to create the correct regimen for patients and monitor their treatment. For relatives also provided group therapy.
In conclusion, treatment course, a mandatory consultation with a qualified dietitian and dietary regime, in accordance with the characteristics of the patient.